Current situation of recycling and management of e

2022-08-21
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The current situation of recycling and management of electronic and electrical waste in China

the rapid technological change and price decline make the service life of this kind of electronic and electrical appliances much lower than the actual service life of product materials, thus further accelerating the generation rate of electronic and electrical waste. However, due to the lack of effective recycling of waste household appliances and electronic products, it not only wastes a lot of resources, but also has a serious impact on the environment. Therefore, how to recycle and manage the large amount of electronic and electrical waste has become an environmental management problem faced by our country. The current situation of recycling and management of electronic and electrical waste in China is sorted out and released by China's electromechanical trading. With the development of China's economy, electronic information technology has made rapid progress in the past few decades, bringing profound changes to the production and lifestyle of human society. Especially in the past 20 years, the production of electronic products, represented by high-tech information technology products such as computers, has been pursuing technological changes, forming a global production network with time control as the core

the rapid technological change and price decline make the service life of this kind of electronic and electrical appliances much lower than the actual service life of the product materials, thus further accelerating the generation rate of electronic and electrical waste. However, due to the lack of effective recycling of waste household appliances and electronic products, it not only wastes a lot of resources, but also has a serious impact on the environment. Therefore, how to recycle and manage the large amount of electronic and electrical waste has become an environmental management problem faced by our country

the domestic sources of electronic and electrical waste in China mainly include three aspects, namely, electronic waste generated in the daily life of residents, electronic waste generated by enterprises, institutions and government departments, and waste products generated in the production process of electronic and electrical products manufacturers. In addition, electronic and electrical waste illegally imported from abroad is also a major source

the amount of electronic waste produced in the daily life of Chinese residents is undoubtedly huge. According to the data provided by the national development and Reform Commission, the output of TV sets, washing machines, refrigerators and air conditioners in China in 2003 was 182million, and it is estimated that the social retention is 900million and the scrap volume is 28million. In addition, at present, about 20million computers and 250million computers have entered the home, and the renewal speed of computers and is far faster than that of all commercial aviation industries. In each new generation aircraft, advanced composite materials are used in a larger proportion, far faster than other household appliances. It is estimated that about 5million computers and tens of millions of computers will be eliminated every year. And this part of e-waste recycling ways are complex, the sources are scattered, and the recycling is the most difficult

most of the electronic waste produced by enterprises, institutions and government departments are office supplies (such as computers, printers, scanners, etc.) and some electrical appliances (mainly air conditioners). Compared with the electronic waste produced in residents' daily life, the source is relatively centralized, the variety is relatively simple, and the way of collection is relatively easy to manage. The electronic waste produced by electronic and electrical product manufacturers in the production process is mainly unqualified products, with a single variety and more concentrated sources. Some Japanese enterprises have established treatment plants in Suzhou to deal with this part of waste

in addition, electronic and electrical waste illegally imported from abroad is also a major source. On February 25th, 2002, Basel Action Network and Silicon Valley poison alliance jointly issued an investigation report on the export of electronic waste from developed countries led by the United States to developing regions in Asia, exposing the dark side of the unknown cross-border transfer of electronic waste behind the halo of the information technology revolution. As the focus of this investigation, some coastal villages in China have attracted the attention of the world [1]. Although China has banned the import of electronic waste, due to the resource and environmental characteristics of electronic and electrical waste itself, and the disassembly and sorting of electronic waste is a typical labor-intensive industry, it is basically unprofitable in developed countries with relatively high labor costs. Therefore, many enterprises import a large amount of electronic and electrical waste from the United States and other developed countries through illegal channels. However, on the one hand, this cross-border transfer causes producers to continue to avoid fundamentally solving the problem of electronic waste treatment. More seriously, due to economic and technological constraints, the transferred countries often do not have the ability to reasonably deal with toxic and harmful waste, and the national macro-policy regulation and control of waste. As a result, toxic and harmful substances spread on a larger scale, which seriously aggravates the environmental burden of developing countries

the flow of electronic waste mainly includes three aspects: recycling through small waste treatment plants; Direct donation or reuse in rural and poor areas through the secondary market; Discard to the garbage disposal plant. Compared with waste treatment plants and waste disposal plants, rural areas and poor areas are the main flow places of waste household appliances and electronic products. Due to the large gap in family living standards between urban and rural areas in China, home appliances and electronic products that have been scrapped or outdated in many cities still have certain use value for families in rural and poverty-stricken areas after simple maintenance or refitting, resulting in a large number of second-hand electronic appliances flowing to rural areas with relatively backward economy

large cities have formed a recycling network of waste electronic and electrical appliances, which is composed of individual traders through mobile recycling, door-to-door recycling and fixed recycling points in residential areas, but the lack of special management has led to the flow of most of the recycled products to second-hand markets, rural areas, economically underdeveloped areas or small recycling plants. China is also formulating relevant laws and regulations on the scrapping and collection of waste household appliances, but there is still a long way to go to change the current situation of electronic and electrical waste recycling and standardize the recycling network order

the current situation of recycling and management of electronic and electrical waste in China is sorted out and released by China's electromechanical transactions. If you need to reprint, please indicate the source of the article. For more industry information, please click attention: electromechanical industry

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